among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its
freedom from colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation
of 1936-41. In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile
SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state.
Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive
refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of
rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
(EPRDF), in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's
first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A two and a half year
border war with Eritrea ended with a peace treaty on 12 December 2000.
poverty-stricken economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for
half of GDP, 85% of exports, and 80% of total employment. The
agricultural sector suffers from frequent drought and poor cultivation
practices, and as many as 4.6 million people need food assistance
annually. Coffee is critical to the Ethiopian economy with exports of
some $260 million in 2000. Other important exports include qat, live
animals, hides, and gold. The war with Eritrea in 1999-2000 and
recurrent drought have buffeted the economy, in particular coffee
production. In November 2001 Ethiopia qualified for debt relief from
the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. Under Ethiopia's
land tenure system, the government owns all land and provides long-term
leases to the tenants; the system continues to hamper growth in the
industrial sector as entrepreneurs are unable to use land as collateral
for loans. Despite this limitation, strong growth is expected to
continue in the near term as good rainfall, the cessation of
hostilities, and renewed foreign aid and debt relief push the economy
Holidays Jan 7 - Ethiopian Christmas(Genna)
Jan 19 - Timket (Epiphany)
Jan 21* - Eid-al Adha (Arafat)
Mar 2 - Battle of Adowa
Apr 21* - Mouloud (Birth of the Prophet)
Apr 25~ - Ethiopian Good Friday
May 2~ - Ethiopian Easter
May 28 - Downfall of the Dergue
Sep 11* - Ethiopian New Year (Enkutatash)
Sep 28 - Finding of the True Cross(Meskel) (28 September in Leap Years)
Nov 14-16* - Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
Muslim festivals (*) are timed according to local sightings of various
phases of the moon and the dates given above are approximations.
Besides, the Festivals' dates(~) are also subject to change in every
Country Code: 251
Outgoing International Code: 00
CIA - The World Factbook - Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
website indicates a wide range of detail information about Ethiopia by
introducing under 8 different fields as its geography, people,
government, economy, communications, transportation, military,
is available to find out Ethiopia's general outlook on the issues of
its social and business profile, passport/visa, money, accommodation,
government, duty free, health and so forth.
Ethiopia Yellow Pages
is available to find out category-wise listings of business related to
Ethiopia, including telephone numbers and postal address.
ETM provides services for the importers/exporters to find their business matching in the Ethiopian market.
It is a trading company subsidiary which supplies information about Ethiopian related businesses and trade.
serves as a directory providing an ultimate African Business Source for
the potential investors seeking new business opportunities in Ethiopia.
is the online news of Ethiopia that supplies both national and
international news primarily on the issues of politics, economy &
Doing Business in Ethiopia
Bank represents a snapshot of the business climate in Ethiopia by
identifying specific regulations and policies that encourage or
discourage investment, productivity, and growth related to Ethiopia.
US Economic/Commercial Office - U.S. Embassy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Commercial Office of the U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa is prepared to
assist you in exporting goods and/or services to Ethiopia.
UK Trade & Investment - Ethiopia
Trade & Investment is the government organisation that supports
both UK companies trading internationally and overseas enterprises
seeking to locate in the UK.
OPIC Links - Investor's Information Gateway for Ethiopia
is available country database information links which are efficient for
the new investors planned to do business in Ethiopia including the
contact lists of the institutions, organization related to Ethiopian
Business Directory - Ethiopia
creates cross-referenced categories in business opportunities for
Ethiopia as business to business, classifieds, cooperatives,
directories, organizations & trade.
U.S. Department of State: Country Commercial Guide: Ethiopia
country commercial reports are prepared annually by U.S. Embassies with
the assistance of several U.S. Government agencies that basically
offers a comprehensive outlook at Ethiopian commercial environments,
using economic, political, and market analysis.
Ethiopian Trade Point(ETP)
Ethiopian Trade Point is an autonomous government institution,
established under the Ministry of Trade and Industry that's major
objectives are to make foreign trade procedures efficient by
facilitating a situation whereby the Trade Point participants provide a
coordinated service and facilitate electronic trade transactions based
on international standards.
Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce
Addis Ababa Chamber's foremost interest is to enhance the ability of
local manufacturers to produce goods and to facilitate, assist, and
coordinate the activities of importers, exporters and service giving
enterprises in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia Government Online
displays the structure of Ethiopian government by looking at its
political units, authorities, ministries, commissions and so forth in
Embassy Listings For Ethiopia
There is listed the embassies of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia including the embassies' contact information.