was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's
annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year
struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels
defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved
in a 1993 referendum. A two and a half year border war with Ethiopia
that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices on 12 December 2000.
Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that will monitor
the border region until an international commission determines and
demarcates the boundary between the two countries.
independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993, Eritrea has faced the
economic problems of a small, desperately poor country. Like the
economies of many African nations, the economy is largely based on
subsistence agriculture, with 80% of the population involved in farming
and herding. The Ethiopian-Eritrea war in 1998-2000 severely hurt
Eritrea's economy. GDP growth in 1999 fell to less than 1%, and GDP
decreased by 8.2% in 2000. The May 2000 Ethiopian offensive into
northern Eritrea caused some $600 million in property damage and loss,
including losses of $225 million in livestock and 55,000 homes. The
attack prevented planting of crops in Eritrea's most productive region,
causing food production to drop by 62%. Even during the war, Eritrea
developed its transportation infrastructure, asphalting new roads,
improving its ports, and repairing war damaged roads and bridges.
Eritrea's economic future remains mixed. The cessation of Ethiopian
trade, which mainly used Eritrean ports before the war, leaves Eritrea
with a large economic hole to fill. Eritrea's economic future depends
upon its ability to master fundamental social problems like illiteracy,
unemployment, and low skills, and to convert the diaspora's money and
expertise into economic growth.
Holidays Jan 1 - New Year's Day
Mar 8 - Women's Day
May 24 - Liberation (Independence) Day
Jun 20 - Martyr's Day
Sep 1 - Start of the Armed Struggle
Country Code: 291
Outgoing International Code: 00
CIA - The World Factbook - State of Eritrea
website indicates a wide range of detail information about Eritrea by
introducing under 8 different fields as its geography, people,
government, economy, communications, transportation, military,
is available to find out Eritrea's general outlook on the issues of its
social and business profile, passport/visa, money, accommodation,
government, duty free, health and so forth.
Business Directory - Eritrea
creates cross-referenced categories in business opportunities for
Eritrea as business to business, classifieds, cooperatives,
directories, organizations & trade.
serves as a directory providing an ultimate African Business Source for
the potential investors seeking new business opportunities in Eritrea.
Business in Eritrea
website provides an extensive information gateway for Eritrea in terms
of doing business with Eritrea, legal guides to establishing business
in Eritrea and so forth.
Africa Business Pages - Eritrea
supplies a wide range of analysis & information about Eritrea's
business environment by covering all business news related to Eritrea
in this webpage.
is the online news of Eritrea that supplies both national and
international news primarily on the issues of politics, economy &
OPIC Links - Investor's Information Gateway for Eritrea
is available country database information links which are efficient for
the new investors planned to do business in Eritrea including the
contact lists of the institutions, organization related to Eritrean
UK Trade & Investment - Eritrea
Trade & Investment is the Government organisation that supports
both UK companies trading internationally and overseas enterprises
seeking to locate in the UK.
Eritrean Business Directory
creates business directory for Eritrea via offering addresses list of
the significant business institutions in relation to Eritrea.
U.S. Department of State - Bureau of Consular Affairs - For Eritrea
Bureau of Consular Affairs creates a wide range of research named as
Consular Information Sheet about Eritrea in terms of analyzing its
social, political, cultural & economic environments.
Embassies of Eritrea
There is listed the embassies of the republic of the Eritrea including the embassies' contact information.